Understanding of environments and virtuous exploitation of resources
Economic and demographic development, as well as urbanisation, have a heavy impact on the environment. Accessing resources and exploiting them have become major challenges; particularly so, as cities now represent three quarters of the final energy consumption. Although some progress has been made as regards greenhouse gas emissions, resource savings and waste recycling, there still remains much to be accomplished. This will require stimulating technological and practice innovations in this field.
The main challenges of the EcoTechnology Strategic Committee are:
â€˘ The challenge of the increasing scarcity of water of acceptable quality. Three main axes should guide activity in this field: increasing the quantity of available water, improving its quality, rationalising its production and use. This implies on one hand knowing how to measure and qualify urban environments, and on the other hand introducing short local cycles, or even a decentralised and intelligent distribution.
â€˘ The increase in global energy demand (+ 84 % between 2007 and 2050). The challenge of climate change and petrol-related geostrategic risks calls for an energy transformation. It must revolve around two concepts: the development of sustainable energies and the designing of methods to control energy consumption.
â€˘ The characterisation and modelling of environments for public authorities in the air sector. This technological challenge supports European regulation concerning fixed (buildings) and mobile (transport) sources of atmospheric pollution.
â€˘ Use of waste as a resource following the circular economy model. Waste management aimsÂ at reducing the environmental impact of this potential pollution and recovering resources. Cities generate a high concentration of waste, which requires reasoned management. Treatment practices are heterogeneous at a European level, with possible progress for France in terms of recycling.
Metrological monitoring tools and modelling technique tools are recognised as crucial elements for resource management. Instrumentation and metrology developments will be essential in order to face a need for environmental diagnosis and control, and technical management of resources and urban flows. The development of new information and communication technologies, which constitute an integral part of current reflections on the digital city, opens up new innovation areas and market spaces in this field.
TheÂ ECOTECHNOLOGYÂ Strategic Committee – Figures
â€˘ R&D project financed : 21
â€˘Â PartnersÂ : 122 contacts, including:
o 80 SMEs
o 12 Major groups
o 20 Higher Education Institutes and research center
o 7 Local authories
o 3 Associations
â€˘ TotalÂ Investment : 66,6Mâ‚¬, including 26Mâ‚¬ of subsidies
Dominique RenaudetÂ (Safege)
President of the EcoTechnologies Strategic Committee
ChargĂ© du CoS EcoTechnologies
Key interlocutors:Â ACTILITY, ARIA TECHNOLOGIES, Bouygues Energie et Construction, ChimieParisTech Laboratoire IRDEP, CommunautĂ© dâ€™AgglomĂ©ration de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, DurapĂ´le, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et ChaussĂ©es, Ecole Polytechnique, EDF R&D, EGIS, ENNESYS, ESIEE, IFSTTAR, IRSTEA, Novagreen, OURRY S.A., SOLARNET, Solsia, VIGICELL.